01 - HTML-Introduction

Introducing you to HTML

HTML is used to create web pages. If you right click on the page you are currently viewing & select View page source, you find nothing but HTML code. So, whatever you view in your web browser (Google chrome, Internet explorer, Mozilla firefox etc) is mostly HTML. By now you might have understood the importance of HTML. It is very easy to learn. Before that, let us find answers to some basic questions.

What is HTML?

The full form of HTML is Hypertext Markup Language.

To get a clear picture, let’s find what does these terms mean…

Hypertext-It is a text which contains links to other texts.

Markup- Markup refers to the sequence of characters or other symbols that we insert at certain places in a text or word processing file to indicate how the file should look when it is printed or displayed or to describe the document's logical structure.

So, HTML is used for writing a text which contains links to other texts & using HTML we can indicate how our file should look like when it is displayed.

The definition of HTML goes like this: /*Optional*/

It is a document format that structures text and data on the Internet using elements. It is the most common language used for creating standard web pages.

You will learn about elements in the coming chapters.

A short history of HTML

Let us now discuss about the history of HTML in brief:

HTML was invented in 1990 by Tim Berners-Lee and Robert Cailliau of CERN(an international scientific organization headquartered in Geneva) and announced on the internet by Berners-Lee in 1991.

Importance of HTML

· It is a popular language which is used to create web sites.

· It tells the browser how to interpret & display the document.

· To make it simple, we could say HTML is related to World Wide Web just like English is related to Human beings.

Versions of HTML

Since its evolution, HTML has gone under several changes. In order to keep it updated to the evolving technologies, various versions are developed.

Who are responsible for this?

The Html working group is the current organization within W3C(World wide web Consortium, an international standards organization for W.W.W) responsible for developing HTML specifications and standards.

The following table gives you an idea of the versions of HTML developed until now.







HTML 2.0


HTML 3.0


HTML 3.2


HTML 4.0


HTML 4.01








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